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Harvesting cannabis is a crucial step in the cultivation process and requires
careful timing and attention to detail to achieve the best results. Below are
the detailed steps for harvesting cannabis:

A cartoon microscope

Determine the Harvest Time

Check the trichomes: Trichomes are tiny, mushroom-shaped structures on the surface of cannabis buds. They change color as they mature. Using a magnifying glass or a microscope, examine the trichomes and look for a milky or cloudy appearance. This
indicates that the THC levels are at their peak. Consider strain-specific recommendations: Different cannabis strains have varying flowering times. Research the specific strain you are growing to understand its typical harvest time.

Cartoon gloves and pruning shears

Prepare Tools and Environment

Clean and sterilize your harvesting tools, including scissors, gloves, and storage containers, to prevent contamination or mold growth. Ensure you have adequate space to hang and dry the harvested cannabis buds. The area should be well-ventilated, dark, and at a controlled temperature and humidity.

A graphic of a water droplet

Flush the Plants (Optional)

Flushing is the process of watering the plants with pure, pH-balanced water for a period before harvest. This helps remove any remaining nutrients and enhances the final flavor of the buds. Some growers prefer this step, while others skip it.

A graphic of pruning shears
A drawing of a cannabis plant with many leaves
A drawing of a cannabis bud

Cut Down the Plants

Trim the Plants

Dry the Buds

Begin by cutting the main stem of each plant near the base,
using clean and sharp scissors or pruning shears. Handle the plants gently to minimize damage to the buds and prevent trichome loss.

Remove large fan leaves from the branches. These leaves
contain fewer trichomes and are generally not used for
consumption. Trim smaller sugar leaves (small leaves coated in resin) close to the buds, leaving behind desirable bud structure.

Hang the trimmed branches upside down in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated area. Maintain a temperature between 60-70°F (15-21°C) and humidity around 45-55% to facilitate a slow and even drying process. Check regularly for any signs of mold or mildew and remove any affected buds immediately.

A large exclamation point

Remember, the specific conditions and preferences may vary depending on
factors such as strain, climate, and personal preference. It's essential to
research and adapt these steps to best suit your particular cultivation
environment and goals

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